Baseball is a popular sport that involves a lot of physical activity and strain on the body. As with any sport, there is always a risk of injury. Injuries can be minor to severe, and can occur to any part of the body. Some common baseball injuries include shoulder injuries, elbow injuries, and ankle injuries. In this blog post, we will explore these injuries and provide tips on how to avoid them. 

Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder injuries are one of the most common injuries in baseball. They are often caused by repetitive throwing or overuse of the shoulder muscles. Symptoms of a shoulder injury include pain, weakness, and stiffness in the shoulder. Some of the more common shoulder injuries include:

  • Rotator Cuff Injury
    • Rotator Cuff is a group of muscles that come together in the shoulder and cover the head of the humerus. The rotator cuff provides support and mobility for the shoulder. Rotator cuff injuries are typically due to wear and tear of the tendon tissues or can happen from a fall or sudden impact. 
  • Labral Injury
    • A  labrum is a ring of cartilage that reinforces the socket in a ball and socket joint. It helps to cushion and stabilize the shoulder joint. When someone experiences a labral injury, they typically feel instability within the shoulder that might feel as though it is slipping out of socket. Another common symptom of a labral injury is grinding or popping within the shoulder joint. 

Elbow Injuries 

Elbow injuries are also very common in baseball, particularly in pitchers. Symptoms of an elbow injury include pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the elbow. They are often caused by overuse of the elbow joint and can include conditions such as:

  • Apophysitis aka “Little League Elbow”
    • Apophysitis, commonly known as “Little League Elbow” is a term used to describe an overuse injury in the elbow of a young throwing athlete. The repetitive throwing motion can cause pain and inflammation within the growth plate of the elbow. Rest and physical therapy are common treatments for apophysitis.
  • UCL Tear
    • A UCL tear is an injury to the ulnar collateral ligament found in the elbow. A UCL tear can range from a mild sprain to a full tear of the ligament. Symptoms can include swelling, bruising, stiffness, and grip weakness. 
  • Tendonitis 
    • Tendonitis, also known as lateral epicondylitis, is inflammation of a tendon within the elbow. It is typically an overuse injury that can cause pain and stiffness around the joint. 

Ankle Injuries

Ankle Injuries are a common occurrence in baseball. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor conditioning, inadequate warm-up, overuse, and repetitive motions. Some common ankle injuries include:

  • Ankle sprain 
    • An ankle sprain is the most common ankle injury in baseball. It occurs when the ligaments that support the ankle joint are stretched or torn. This can happen when a play twists their ankle while running, jumping, or making sudden lateral movements on the field. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty walking. 
  • Ankle fractures 
    • Ankle fractures are less common but potentially serious injury that can occur in baseball players. Ankle fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including sudden impacts, collisions on the field, or sliding into a base. Symptoms of an ankle fracture include severe pain, swelling, bruising, and inability to bear weight on the affected foot. 
  • Achilles tendonitis 
    • Achilles tendonitis is a condition that occurs when the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscle to the heel bone, becomes inflamed. This can happen when a player overuses the tendon by running or jumping too frequently, or by wearing shoes that do not provide enough support. Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis include pain, stiffness, and swelling in the back of the ankle. 

Other Baseball Related Injuries Include:

  • Hamstring injuries
  • Knee injuries 
  • Back injuries 
  • Concussions

Baseball injuries can occur at any level and it’s helpful that players and coaches take the necessary precautions to avoid them. However, if injury does occur, it’s important that you seek appropriate treatment at OS1 Sports Injury Clinic so you can avoid long-term injury and get Better.Sooner.

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